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Promoting a product or service through communication, also known as advertising, aims to inform or persuade a target audience. Its roots trace back to early civilizations where sales messages were inscribed on Egyptian papyrus, and wall murals were utilized for promotional purposes across ancient Asia, Africa, and South America. Over the centuries, advertising has adapted to technological advancements and the rise of mass media, transitioning from newspaper prints to audio-visual and digital platforms. The strategies employed in advertising vary, with some focusing on raising awareness or boosting sales, targeting different demographics at a local, national, or international level. Common methods encompass print, radio, web banners, and television commercials, among others. Modern advertising models have introduced innovative trends like guerrilla marketing[1] and interactive advertisements. Women’s contribution to advertising is significant, with their perspectives highly valued due to their influential purchasing power.

Terms definitions
1. guerrilla marketing. Guerrilla marketing is a creative, out-of-the-box approach that businesses employ to advertise their goods or services. It encompasses various forms such as ambient marketing, which utilizes physical environments in public areas for promotional purposes. Ambush marketing capitalizes on events indirectly related to them to enhance brand visibility. In contrast, stealth marketing advertises products or services in a covert way. Viral marketing encourages people to distribute marketing messages, leading to exponential growth, while buzz marketing ignites public discourse about a brand to create hype.A subset of guerrilla marketing, street marketing, applies unconventional advertising tactics in public spaces. This strategy involves handing out leaflets, crafting animations, and organizing roadshows. The objective is to engage the target market, stimulate senses, foster closeness, and build trust.Guerrilla marketing also merges with social media platforms for digital marketing strategies, which have the potential to go viral, providing worldwide exposure. The impact of this method is substantial, with triumphant campaigns like Coca-Cola's 'Happiness Machine' gaining global fame. The success of this marketing tactic underscores the potency of innovative, non-traditional advertising.
Advertising (Wikipedia)

Advertising is the practice and techniques employed to bring attention to a product or service. Advertising aims to put a product or service in the spotlight in hopes of drawing it attention from consumers. It is typically used to promote a specific good or service, but there are wide range of uses, the most common being the commercial advertisement.

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A commercial on the Berlin U-Bahn that reads: "Did you know... that Wikipedia has more sister projects?", followed by an URL to Germany's Wikimedia chapter

Commercial advertisements often seek to generate increased consumption of their products or services through "branding", which associates a product name or image with certain qualities in the minds of consumers. On the other hand, ads that intend to elicit an immediate sale are known as direct-response advertising. Non-commercial entities that advertise more than consumer products or services include political parties, interest groups, religious organizations and governmental agencies. Non-profit organizations may use free modes of persuasion, such as a public service announcement. Advertising may also help to reassure employees or shareholders that a company is viable or successful.

In the 19th century, soap businesses were among the first to employ large-scale advertising campaigns. Thomas J. Barratt was hired by Pears to be its brand manager—the first of its kind—and in addition to creating slogans and images he recruited West End stage actress and socialite Lillie Langtry to become the poster-girl for Pears, making her the first celebrity to endorse a commercial product. Modern advertising originated with the techniques introduced with tobacco advertising in the 1920s, most significantly with the campaigns of Edward Bernays, considered the founder of modern, "Madison Avenue" advertising.

Worldwide spending on advertising in 2015 amounted to an estimated US$529.43 billion. Advertising's projected distribution for 2017 was 40.4% on TV, 33.3% on digital, 9% on newspapers, 6.9% on magazines, 5.8% on outdoor and 4.3% on radio. Internationally, the largest ("Big Five") advertising agency groups are Omnicom, WPP, Publicis, Interpublic, and Dentsu.

In Latin, advertere means "to turn towards".

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