Google Chrome

Share This
« Back to Glossary Index

Developed by the global technology giant Google[1], Google Chrome is a web browser that emerged in 2008 and has since carved out a significant presence in the browser market. The browser’s speed and efficiency, hallmarks of Chrome, stem from its utilization of the open-source Chromium project code. Its interface is straightforward and user-friendly, with a notable feature being the omnibox, a combined search and address bar. Chrome is compatible with a broad spectrum of web standards, including HTML5, and offers robust security measures such as phishing and malware protection. The browser also provides extensive personalization options through extensions and themes. However, despite its popularity, Chrome has faced criticism over privacy issues related to its tracking mechanisms.

Terms definitions
1. Google ( Google ) Primarily acknowledged for its search engine, Google is a universally esteemed technology corporation. The company, established in 1998 by Sergey Brin and Larry Page, has expanded significantly, branching out into numerous tech-related fields. Google offers a wide array of services and products, encompassing Android, YouTube, Cloud, Maps, and Gmail. It also manufactures hardware like Chromebooks and Pixel smartphones. Since 2015, Google has been a subsidiary of Alphabet Inc. and is celebrated for its inventive spirit and workplace environment that promotes employees' personal projects. Despite confronting several ethical and legal challenges, Google continues to influence the tech sector with its groundbreaking innovations and technological progress, including the creation of Android OS and the purchase of companies specializing in AI.
Google Chrome (Wikipedia)

Google Chrome is a web browser developed by Google. It was first released in 2008 for Microsoft Windows, built with free software components from Apple WebKit and Mozilla Firefox. Versions were later released for Linux, macOS, iOS, and also for Android, where it is the default browser. The browser is also the main component of ChromeOS, where it serves as the platform for web applications.

Google Chrome
Initial release
Windows XPBeta / September 2, 2008; 15 years ago (2008-09-02)
Windows XP1.0 / December 11, 2008; 15 years ago (2008-12-11)
macOS, LinuxPreview / June 4, 2009; 14 years ago (2009-06-04)
macOS, LinuxBeta / December 8, 2009; 14 years ago (2009-12-08)
Multi­platform5.0 / May 25, 2010; 13 years ago (2010-05-25)
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux124.0.6367.60/61 Edit this on Wikidata / 16 April 2024; 3 days ago (16 April 2024)
Windows Server 2012/2012 R2109.0.5414.165 / 13 September 2023; 7 months ago (2023-09-13)
Android124.0.6367.54 Edit this on Wikidata / 16 April 2024; 3 days ago (16 April 2024)
iOS124.0.6367.68 Edit this on Wikidata / 16 April 2024; 3 days ago (16 April 2024)
Extended Support Release124.0.6367.60/61 Edit this on Wikidata / 16 April 2024; 3 days ago (16 April 2024)
Preview release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux125.0.6422.4 Edit this on Wikidata / 17 April 2024; 2 days ago (17 April 2024)
Android125.0.6422.3 Edit this on Wikidata / 17 April 2024; 2 days ago (17 April 2024)
iOS125.0.6422.3 Edit this on Wikidata / 17 April 2024; 2 days ago (17 April 2024)
Written inC, C++, Assembly, HTML, Java (Android app only), JavaScript, Python
EnginesBlink (WebKit on iOS), V8 JavaScript engine
Operating system
PlatformIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7, ARMv8-A
Included with
Available in47 languages
TypeWeb browser, mobile browser
LicenseProprietary freeware, based on open source components Edit this at Wikidata

Most of Chrome's source code comes from Google's free and open-source software project Chromium, but Chrome is licensed as proprietary freeware. WebKit was the original rendering engine, but Google eventually forked it to create the Blink engine; all Chrome variants except iOS used Blink as of 2017.

As of April 2024, StatCounter estimates that Chrome has a 65% worldwide browser market share (after peaking at 72.38% in November 2018) on personal computers (PC), is most used on tablets (having surpassed Safari), and is also dominant on smartphones. With a market share of 65% across all platforms combined, Chrome is the most used web browser in the world today.

Google Chief Executive Eric Schmidt was previously involved in the "browser wars", a part of U.S. corporate history, and opposed the expansion of the company into such a new area. However, Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page spearheaded a software demonstration that pushed Schmidt into making Chrome a core business priority, which resulted in commercial success. Because of the proliferation of Chrome, Google has expanded the "Chrome" brand name to other products. These include not just ChromeOS but also Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox, and Chromebase.

« Back to Glossary Index
Keep up with updates