Information privacy

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Data privacy, often referred to as information privacy, is the safeguarding and confidentiality of personal information gathered and stored by entities like corporations and governmental bodies. This concept spans numerous domains, including but not limited to cable television, education, finance, the internet[1], location-based services, and healthcare. The management of risks such as data tracking, unauthorized dissemination, and potential misuse is a critical aspect of information privacy. Various legislative structures and data protection regulations provide guidance for these sectors in upholding privacy. Technological tools like encryption, anonymizers, and virtual private networks (VPNs) are employed to bolster privacy. Internationally, data privacy is influenced by global agreements, regional variations in data protection, and compliance obligations. Future directions in information privacy emphasize transparency, user permission, and technologies that enhance privacy.

Terms definitions
1. internet. The Internet, a global network of interconnected computer systems, utilizes standardized communication protocols, predominantly TCP/IP, to connect devices across the globe. The term 'Internet' has its roots in the 1849 term 'internetted' and was later adopted by the US War Department in 1945. The inception of the Internet can be traced back to the 1960s when computer scientists developed time-sharing systems, which eventually led to the creation of ARPANET in 1969. The Internet operates autonomously, without any central control, and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages its primary name spaces. It has revolutionized traditional communication methods and has seen an exponential growth, with the number of internet users growing by 20% to 50% every year. In 2019, more than half of the global population was using the Internet. The Internet protocol suite, comprising TCP/IP and four conceptual layers, directs internet packets to their intended destinations. Fundamental services such as email and Internet telephony function on the Internet. The World Wide Web, an extensive network of interconnected documents, serves as a crucial element of the Internet.

Information privacy is the relationship between the collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, contextual information norms, and the legal and political issues surrounding them. It is also known as data privacy or data protection.

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