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A globally recognized technology leader, Intel Corporation, has made substantial strides in the microprocessor industry. Founded in 1968 in California, Intel operates major business divisions including the Client Computing Group, Data Center Group, Internet[1] of Things Group, and Programmable Solutions Group. These sectors significantly contribute to the company’s revenue, serving esteemed clients like Dell, Lenovo, HP Inc., and the US Department of Defense. Intel competes with AMD, VIA Technologies, and Nvidia in the PC chipsets domain, and with NXP Semiconductors and Broadcom Limited in the networking arena. Despite numerous challenges, Intel has upheld its market dominance through continuous innovation and strategic reorganization. Lately, the company has shown remarkable progress in its 7nm process and has unveiled new plans such as factory enlargement and participation in the Alliance for Affordable Internet.

Terms definitions
1. Internet ( Internet ) The Internet, a global network of interconnected computer systems, utilizes standardized communication protocols, predominantly TCP/IP, to connect devices across the globe. The term 'Internet' has its roots in the 1849 term 'internetted' and was later adopted by the US War Department in 1945. The inception of the Internet can be traced back to the 1960s when computer scientists developed time-sharing systems, which eventually led to the creation of ARPANET in 1969. The Internet operates autonomously, without any central control, and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages its primary name spaces. It has revolutionized traditional communication methods and has seen an exponential growth, with the number of internet users growing by 20% to 50% every year. In 2019, more than half of the global population was using the Internet. The Internet protocol suite, comprising TCP/IP and four conceptual layers, directs internet packets to their intended destinations. Fundamental services such as email and Internet telephony function on the Internet. The World Wide Web, an extensive network of interconnected documents, serves as a crucial element of the Internet.
Intel (Wikipedia)

Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, and incorporated in Delaware. Intel is one of the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturers by revenue and ranked in the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by revenue for nearly a decade, from 2007 to 2016 fiscal years, until it was removed from the ranking in 2018. In 2020, it was reinstated and ranked 45th, being the 7th-largest technology company in the ranking.

Intel Corporation
FormerlyNM Electronics/
MN Electronics (1968)
Company typePublic
FoundedJuly 18, 1968; 55 years ago (1968-07-18)
37°23′16″N 121°57′49″W / 37.38778°N 121.96361°W / 37.38778; -121.96361
Area served
Key people
Frank D. Yeary (chairman)
Pat Gelsinger (CEO)
RevenueDecrease US$54.23 billion (2023)
Decrease US$93 million (2023)
Decrease US$1.68 billion (2023)
Total assetsIncrease US$191.6 billion (2023)
Total equityIncrease US$109.9 billion (2023)
Number of employees
124,800 (2023)
Footnotes / references

Intel supplies microprocessors for most manufacturers of computer systems, and is one of the developers of the x86 series of instruction sets found in most personal computers (PCs). It also manufactures chipsets, network interface controllers, flash memory, graphics processing units (GPUs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and other devices related to communications and computing. Intel has a strong presence in the high-performance general-purpose and gaming PC market with its Intel Core line of CPUs, whose high-end models are among the fastest consumer CPUs, as well as its Intel Arc series of GPUs, and sponsors the Intel Extreme Masters, a series of international esports tournaments. The Open Source Technology Center at Intel hosts PowerTOP and LatencyTOP, and supports other open source projects such as Wayland, Mesa, Threading Building Blocks (TBB), and Xen.

Intel (Integrated electronics) was founded on July 18, 1968, by semiconductor pioneers Gordon Moore (of Moore's law) and Robert Noyce, along with investor Arthur Rock, and is associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove. The company was a key component of the rise of Silicon Valley as a high-tech center, as well as being an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, which represented the majority of its business until 1981. Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the PC in the early 1990s that this became its primary business.

During the 1990s, the partnership between Microsoft Windows and Intel, known as "Wintel", became instrumental in shaping the PC landscape and solidified Intel's position on the market. As a result, Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor designs in the mid to late 1990s, fostering the rapid growth of the computer industry. During this period, it became the dominant supplier of PC microprocessors and was known for aggressive and anti-competitive tactics in defense of its market position, particularly against AMD, as well as a struggle with Microsoft for control over the direction of the PC industry.

Since the 2000s and especially the late 2010s, Intel has faced increasing competition from AMD, resulting in a significant decline of its dominance and market share in the PC market. Nevertheless, with a 68.4% market share as of 2023, Intel still leads the x86 market by a wide margin.

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